180 (Breeskin 198)
Woman Holding a Zinnia
Alternate title(s): Femme à oeillet rouge; Femme à l'oeillet rouge; Femme assise; Girl with the Zinnia; Kvinna med en rod nejlika; La femme assise; Rêverie; Revery; Revery (Rêverie); Seated Woman; The Woman with the Red Zinnia; Woman Holding a Red Zinnia; Woman Seated; ?Woman Seated in a Garden; Woman with a Red Carnation; Woman with a Red Zinnia; Woman with Carnation; Woman with Red Carnation
c. 1892
Oil on canvas
29 x 23 3/4 in. (73.66 x 60.33 cm)
Inscribed lower right: Mary Cassatt
National Gallery of Art, Washington, Chester Dale Collection, 1963.10.99

provenance / ownership history
From the artist
to Durand-Ruel, Paris, August 1892 (Paris stock #2463, Paris photo #326)
to Durand-Ruel, New York (N.Y. stock #1386), by 1895
to Chester Dale, New York, October 25, 1926
to the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., 1963, by bequest

exhibition history
1893 Durand-Ruel Paris: #15, as Rêverie, lent by Mr. Durand-Ruel
1895 Durand-Ruel NY: #12, as Femme assise
1898 Pennsylvania Academy: #61, as Woman Seated, lent by Durand-Ruel and Sons
1898 St Botolph Boston: #17, as Femme assise
1903 Durand-Ruel NY: #5, as Femme assise
1909 St Botolph Boston: #14, as Femme assise, lent by Durand-Ruel & Sons
1917 Detroit Museum: ?#22, as Woman Seated in a Garden
1920 Durand-Ruel NY: #15, as Femme assise
1924 Arts Club Chicago: #5, as Woman Seated, lent by Durand-Ruel
1924 Durand-Ruel NY: #17, as Femme assise
1926--27 Chicago AIC: #34, as Woman Seated, lent by Durand-Ruel, N.Y.
1926a Durand-Ruel NY: #9, as Femme assise
1930 Stockholm: #17, as Kvinna med en rod nejlika, lent by the Chester Dale Collection
1932 Brooklyn Museum: #15, as Woman with Red Carnation, lent by Mrs. Chester Dale
1933--34 City Art St Louis: #5, as Woman with Carnation, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Chester Dale
1989 National Gallery DC: #9-1, as Woman Holding a Red Zinnia
1998--99 Chicago AIC: #67, ill., as Revery (Rêverie), from the collection of the National Gallery of Art (Washington only)

published references
[Rappel] 1893: n.p., as Rêverie
Critic 1896: p. 117, if this is one of Cassatt's "paintings of women . . . posing on park benches with a marigold" shown in 1896 Woman's Art Club
NY Evangelist 1896: p. 10, if this is one of Cassatt's three "life-sized paintings" shown in 1896 Woman's Art Club
Revue encyclopédique 1896: p. 852, as Femme assise
Walton 1896: p. 356, as "blonde sitter . . . looking at a pink"
Art Amateur 1898a: p. 60, as Woman Seated
Levy 1898: p. 338, as Woman Seated
NY Times 1903: p. 7, as Seated Woman
Geffroy 1904: p. 8, as La femme assise
Art News 1924a: p. 2, as Femme assise
Dale 1929a: p. 44, ill., as Femme à l'oeillet rouge
NY Times 1930a: p. 1, ill., as Femme à oeillet rouge
National Gallery DC 1942: p. 44, ill., as Woman with a Red Carnation
National Gallery DC 1970: p. 23, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Pickvance 1973: p. 746, as "197--198"
Roudebush 1979: p. 50, ill.; p. 74, as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Getlein 1980: p. 96, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Rubinstein 1982: p. 133, as Girl with the Zinnia
Mathews 1984: p. 255, ill.; p. 256n2, as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Lindsay 1985: pp. 24, 90, as Woman Seated; p. 73, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Mathews 1987: pp. 84, 94; p. 95, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Mathews and Shapiro 1989: p. 125, as Woman Holding a Zinnia; p. 126, ill., as Woman Holding a Red Zinnia
Dillon 1990: following p. 84, ill.; pp. 197--99, 259, 300, as The Woman with the Red Zinnia
Effeny 1991: p. 94, as Woman Holding a Red Zinnia
Strazdes 1992: p. 130, as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Mathews 1994: pp. 190--91; p. 191, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Constantino 1995: p. 64, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Davis 1998: p. 486, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Pollock 1998: p. 34, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Shapiro 1998: p. 59, ill.; pp. 56, 63, 77, as Revery
Mathews 2000: p. 306, as Woman with Red Zinnia
Webster 2004: p. 124; p. 125; p. 126, ill., as Woman with a Red Zinnia
Wilmerding 2004: p. 182, as Woman with a Red Zinnia

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keywords:
 woman
 flower
 red
 sitting
 bench
 park
 looking down
 white
 blue
 dress
 outdoors
 green
 tree
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