193 (Breeskin 205)
The Bath
Alternate title(s): La toilette; La toilette d'enfant; La toilette d'enfant (The Bath); La toilette de l'enfant; The Baby's Toilet; The Bath (La toilette); The Child's Bath; The Child's Bath (La toilette de l'enfant); The Toilet; The Toilette; Toilette
1893
Oil on canvas
39 1/2 x 26 in. (100.33 x 66.04 cm)
Inscribed lower left: Mary Cassatt
Art Institute of Chicago: The Robert A. Waller Fund (1910.2)

provenance / ownership history
From the artist
to Durand-Ruel, Paris, c. November 1893 (Paris photo #507, possibly Paris stock #2861)
to Durand-Ruel, New York, December 1893
to the Art Institute of Chicago, Illinois, 1910

exhibition history
1893 Durand-Ruel Paris: #1, as La toilette de l'enfant
1895 Durand-Ruel NY: #21, as La toilette, lent by a private collection
1897--98 Carnegie Institute: #41, as La toilette
1898 Durand-Ruel NY: no # yet known
1898 Pennsylvania Academy: #62, as The Toilet, lent by Durand-Ruel and Sons
1898 St Botolph Boston: #13, as La toilette
1898 Trans Mississippi Omaha: #132, as La toilette
1900 Cincinnati Museum: #13, as La toilette, lent by Durand-Ruel & Son, N.Y.
1901 Copley Boston: #21, as La toilette, lent by Messrs. Durand-Ruel, N.Y.
1901 Worcester: #32, as La toilette
1903 Durand-Ruel NY: #6, as La toilette
1904 Worcester: #119, as The Baby's Toilet
1905 Lewis & Clark Centennial: #85, as La toilette, lent by Durand-Ruel
1905 Worcester: #37, as The Toilet
1909 St Botolph Boston: #5, as La toilette, lent by Durand-Ruel & Sons
1915 Minneapolis: #151, as The Toilet, lent by the Art Insitute of Chicago
1926--27 Chicago AIC: #29, ill., as The Toilet, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1933 Chicago AIC: #439, as The Toilet
1934 Chicago AIC: #440, as The Toilet, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1937 Brooklyn Museum: #22, as La toilette, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1937 Cleveland Museum: #27, ill., as The Toilet, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1939 MoMA NY: #48, ill., as The Toilet
1941 Santa Barbara: #23, ill., as La toilette, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1941--42 Baltimore Museum: #25, ill., as The Toilet, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1947 Wildenstein NY: #25, ill., as The Toilet, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1948 Des Moines: #16, as La toilette
1953 Wildenstein NY: #38, ill., as La toilette, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1954 Chicago AIC: #19, ill., as The Bath
1955 Pennsylvania Academy: #119, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1957 Detroit Institute: #122, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1966 Whitney NY: #39, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1966b Knoedler NY: #21, ill., as The Bath
1969 Joslyn Omaha: #4, ill., as The Bath (La toilette), lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1970 Met Museum NY: #169, ill., as La toilette
1970 National Gallery DC: #49, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1973--74 Newport CA: #7, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1978 MFA Boston: #19, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1983 MFA Boston: #94, ill., as The Bath, lent by the Art Institute of Chicago
1998--99 Chicago AIC: #72, ill., as The Child's Bath (La toilette de l'enfant), lent by the Art Institute of Chicago (Chicago, Boston, Washington)

published references
Marks 1895b: p. 158, as La toilette d'enfant
Revue encyclopédique 1896: p. 852, as La toilette
Art Amateur 1898a: p. 60, as The Toilet
Art Amateur 1898b: p. 107, as "woman washing a nude infant"
Caffin 1898: p. 105, ill., as The Toilette
Levy 1898: pp. 322, 366, as La toilette; p. 338, as The Toilet
NY Times 1898: p. 158, as The Bath
Philadelphia Inquirer 1898: p. 9, redrawn in line by illustrator, as The Toilet
Philadelphia Public Ledger 1898: p. 14, as The Toilet
Philadelphia Telegraph 1898: p. 7, as "the woman and the child"
NY Times 1899: p. 7, as La toilette
Brush and Pencil 1900: p. 183, ill., as La toilette
Hartmann 1901: p. 189, ill., as The Toilet
Wellesley Magazine 1901: p. 372, as Toilette
Mauclair 1902: p. 185, ill., as La toilette
NY Times 1903: p. 7, as The Toilet
Cary 1905: p. 2, as "woman in a striped...gown"
Pacific Monthly 1905: p. 280, as one of the "groups by . . . Mary Cassat [sic]"
Chicago Daily Tribune 1907: p. D8, as The Toilet or The Toilette
Washington Times 1907: Magazine Section, p. 2, ill., as The Toilet and The Toilette
Boston Evening Transcript 1909: p. 11, as "No. 5 . . . a footbath"
Cary 1909: p. 27, as "woman in a striped . . . gown"
Allan 1910a: p. 99, as "[Fig.] 120" and Mother and Child; p. 102, as "[Fig.] 120"; p. 103, ill., as La Toilette
Hartmann 1910: p. 107, as "[Fig.] 120" and Mother and Child; p. 111, ill., as La Toilette
NY Times Magazine 1910c: p. 15, ill., as La toilette
Segard 1913: following p. 52, ill., as La toilette d'enfant
Hoeber 1914: n.p., as The Toilet
Philadelphia Evening Bulletin 1924: p. 3, as The Bath
Chicago AIC 1925: p. 93, ill., p. 129, as The Toilet
Chicago AIC 1926: p. 126, as La toilette
Hallowell 1926: p. 272, ill., as The Toilet
NY Herald Tribune 1926: p. 15, as The Bath
NY Times 1926a: p. 25, as The Bath
Philadelphia Public Ledger 1926: p. 3, as The Bath
American Childhood 1927: p. 40, as The Bath
Edouard-Joseph 1930: p. 250, as La toilette de l'enfant
Valerio 1930: pl. 5, ill., as La toilette
Hartmann 1932: p. 189, ill., as The Toilet
Watson 1932: p. 43, ill., as The Toilet
Art Digest 1933b: p. 34, as The Toilet
Art News 1933b: p. 6, as The Toilet
Bulliet 1933: pl. 47, ill., as The Toilet
Chicago AIC 1933: p. 118, ill., as The Toilet
Bulliett and MacDonald 1934: pl.12, ill., as The Toilet
Chicago AIC 1934: p. 42, as The Toilette
NY Times 1934c: p. 7, as The Toilet
Art Digest 1941: cover, ill., as The Toilet
Bear 1941b: p. 295, ill., as La toilette
Pictures on Exhibit 1941: p. 2, ill., as frontispiece
Trivas 1941: p. 56, ill., as La toilette
Baum 1942: n.p., as La toilette
Life 1942: p. 55, ill., as The Toilet
Walker and James 1943: #77, ill.; p. 21, as La toilette
Breuning 1944: p. 39, ill., as The Toilette
Jewell 1944: p. 89, ill., as The Toilette
Paris 1944: p. 146, as The Toilette
Viardo 1945: p. 33, ill., as La toilette
Reed 1947: p. 30, as The Toilet
Breeskin 1948: p. 29, as The Toilet
Emporium 1948: p. 89, ill., as La toilette
Monro and Monro 1948: p. 126, as The Toilet or La toilette or La toilette de l'enfant
Flexner 1950: pl. 26, ill., as La toilette
Riley, O. 1952: pl. 249, ill., as The Bath
Richardson 1954: p. 61, as The Bath
Sweet 1954: p. 7, ill., as The Bath
Newmeyer 1955: pl. 14, ill., as The Bath
Mendelowitz 1960: p. 451, ill., as La toilette
Pierson and Davidson 1960: p. 300, ill., as The Bath
Thorne 1960: p. 11, ill., as La toilette
Smith, D. 1962: p. 54, as The Bath
Monro and Monro 1964: p. 91, as The Bath (La toilette)
Richardson 1965: p. 280, as The Bath
Carson 1966: p. 89, ill., as The Bath (La toilette)
Green 1966: p. 383; p. 384, ill., as The Bath
Sweet 1966: color pl. 6, ill.; p. 137, as La toilette d'enfant (The Bath)
Sweet 1967: p. 40, ill.; pp. 41--42, 49n7, as The Bath
Lynes 1970: p. 445, ill., as The Bath
Mendelowitz 1970: p. 294, ill., as La toilette
Bullard 1972: pp. 34, 52; p. 53, color pl. 16, ill., as The Bath
Hoopes 1972: p. 36; p. 33, ill., as The Bath
Davidson 1973: p. 193, ill., as The Bath
Lowe, D. 1973: p. 98, as The Bath
McLanathan 1973: p. 152, ill., as The Bath
Seldis 1974: p. 60; p. 61, ill., as The Bath
Chicago 1975: p. 152, ill., as The Bath
Hale, N. 1975: p. 167; following p. 192, ill., as The Bath
Henkes 1977: n.p., ill., as The Bath
Young 1977a: p. 25, ill., as The Bath
Shapiro 1978: p. 9; p. 10, ill., as The Bath
Yaegashi and Kashiwa 1978: p. 43; p. 44, ill.
Breeskin 1979: p. 23, as The Bath
Perlman 1979: p. 112, ill., as La toilette
Roudebush 1979: p. 49, ill.; p. 74, as The Bath
Gerdts 1980: p. 48, as The Bath
Getlein 1980: p. 100, ill., as The Bath
Love 1980: p. 31, ill.; p. 95, as The Bath
Pollock 1980: pp. 15, 71; p. 59, ill., as The Bath
Stevens 1980: p. 26, ill., as The Bath
Havemeyer, A. 1981: p. 56, ill.; p. 60, as The Bath
Teilman 1981: pp. 97, 99, as The Bath
Rubinstein 1982: p. 135, as The Bath
Stebbins 1983: p. 160, as The Bath
Troyen 1983: p. 317, ill., as The Bath
Gerdts 1984: pp. 34, 40--41; p. 43 ill.; p. 233, as The Bath
Mathews 1984: p. 257, ill., as The Bath; letter: MC to John H. Whittemore, February 15 [1894], p. 259, as "I am delighted you like the picture"
Spassky 1984: p. 18, as The Bath
Gordon 1985: p. 50, ill. (detail); p. 51, as The Bath
Lindsay 1985: p. 24, ill.; p. 90, as The Bath
Spassky 1985: p. 631, as The Bath
Buettner 1986: p. 17, as The Bath
Gregory and Lyon 1987: pp. 52--53, ill., as The Bath
Mathews 1987: p. 91, ill.; p. 92, as The Bath
Pollock 1988: p. 56; p. 59, ill., as The Bath
Effeny 1991: pp. 84, 106; p. 107, ill., as The Bath
Gordon 1991: p. 158, as The Bath
Mathews 1992: n.p., pl. 10, ill., as The Bath
Chessman 1993: p. 252, as The Bath
Constantino 1995: p. 11; p. 72, ill., as The Bath
Gruitrooy 1996: p. 64, ill.; pp. 70--71, as The Bath
Davis 1998: p. 490, as The Bath
Pollock 1998: p. 24, as "[fig.] 169" [margin note]; pp. 167, 187, 194; p. 196, ill., as The Bath
Shapiro 1998: p. 68, ill.; pp. 67, 76, as The Child's Bath

commentary

Fine Arts Building, Trans Mississippi & International Exposition, photograph by F.A. Rinehart, 1898. (©Omaha Public Library, Omaha, Nebraska, 1998.)

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keywords:
 mother
 child
 sitting
 looking down
 bathing
 water pitcher
 basin
 water
 dress
 stripes
 wallcovering
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