178 (Breeskin 213)
Mural of "Modern Woman"
Alternate title(s): Allegory of Modern Woman; Figures from "Modern Woman"; Gathering Fruit; Modern Woman; Modern Woman (Section of Tympanum); Modern Women; Mural Painting for Woman's Building; The Modern Woman; Young Girls Plucking Fruit; Young Women Plucking the Fruits of Knowledge and Science
1892
Oil on canvas
180 x 810 in. (457.2 x 2057.4 cm)
Unsigned
Unlocated

provenance / ownership history
Mary Cassatt
unlocated since the closing of the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago, 1893

exhibition history
1893a World's Columbian Expo: #610, as "Decorative panel in north tympanum in Woman's Building"
1893b World's Columbian Expo: no #, as Modern Woman

published references
Boston Evening Transcript 1892: p. 5, as "'Modern Woman'"
Chicago Daily Tribune 1892: p. 17, as "main work to be done in the Woman's Building"
Van Rensselaer 1892b: p. 27, as "Woman's Building at Chicago"
Van Rensselaer 1892c: p. 16, as "'Modern Woman' . . . theme"
Yandell and Hayes 1892: pp. 68--70; p. 69, ill. (detail), as The Modern Woman
Art Amateur 1893a: p. 10, as "Modern Woman"
Banks, C. 1893: p. 275, as "decorative painting in the great hall"
Boston Evening Transcript 1893: p. 6, as Modern Woman
Bullet 1893: p. 4, as "modern . . . women"
Coffin 1893: p. 116, as "decoration of the tympana"
Elliott 1893: p. 25, ill.; pp. 31--32, as Modern Woman
Henrotin 1893: p. 561, as "'The Modern Woman'"
Holley 1893: pp. 260--61, as "Modern Wimmen"
Illustrated American 1893: p. 763, as "mural frescoes"
Knaufft 1893: p. 563, as "mural decorations"
Low 1893: p. 511, as "pictures"
Marks 1893: p. 42, as "'Modern Woman'"
McDougall 1893a: p. 392, as "tympana of the main hall"
McDougall 1893b: pp. 645--46, as "Modern Woman"
Miller 1893: p. xiii, as "'Modern Woman'"
Monroe L. 1893: p. 241, as "'Modern Woman'"
Northrop 1893: n.p., as one of "two large canvases for the vast mural surfaces"
NY Daily Graphic 1893a: p. 199, as Modern Woman
NY Daily Graphic 1893b: pp. 299, 301, ill. (detail), as Modern Woman
Rand McNally 1893: pp. 159, 162, as "'Modern Women'"
Truman 1893: p. 164, ill., as "Cupid[s] from Border of Mural Decoration of Woman's Building"
Walton 1893: between pp. xxxvi and xxxvii, ill., as Figures from "Modern Woman"
Wheeler 1893: p. 836, ill., as "From Border of Tympanum"; p. 837, ill., as "Section of Typanum in the Woman's Building"
White 1893: p. 542, as Modern Woman
Willard 1893: p. 455, as "Modern Woman"
Art Amateur 1894: p. 102, as "her large decoration in the Woman's Building"
Bancroft 1894: pp. 263, ill., as "Modern Woman, Decoration of North Tympanum"; p. 269, ill., as "Court of Honor, Woman's Building"
Dean 1895: p. 19, as "that picture of Miss Cassatte's" [sic]
Marks 1895a: p. 76, as "mural decoration"
Mellerio 1895: p. 5, as Young Girls Plucking Fruit
Monthly Illustrator 1895: p. xiv, as "studies for the . . . Woman's Building"
NY Daily Tribune 1895: p. 25, as "mural decoration in the Woman's Building"
NY Times 1895b: p. 4, as "Woman's Building . . . large decoration"
NY World 1895: p. 4, as "decorative panels in the Women's Building"
Walker, S. 1895: p. 7, as "Woman's Building at Chicago"
Walton 1896: p. 361, as "'Modern Woman'"
Riordan 1898: p. 130, as "an orchard with young girls plucking fruit"
King, P. 1902: p. 89, ill., as Modern Woman (Section of Tympanum); p. 91, ill., as "Detail from Border of Tympanum"
Clement 1904: p. 77, as "north tympanum of the Woman's Building"
Isham 1905: p. 547, as "in the Woman's Building"
Isham 1910: p. 547, as "in the Woman's Building"
Isham 1927: p. 547, as "in the Woman's Building"
Breeskin 1948: pp. 18, 37n19, as Modern Women
Gardner 1948: p. 116, as Modern Woman
Monro and Monro 1948: p. 126, as Modern Woman
Hyslop 1954: p. 183, as Modern Women
Carson 1966: pp. 95--98, as "panels . . . in the Women's Building"
Kysela 1966: p. 135, figs. 3, 4, ill., as Modern Woman; p. 136, fig. 7, ill., as "Cassatt Mural"
Newman 1966: p. 64, as "a mural for the Women's Building"
Sweet 1966: pp. 125--36, as "mural for . . . the Woman's Building"
Apollo 1970: p. 390, as "a mural"
Conpoy 1970: p. 21, as Modern Woman
Bullard 1972: p. 17, as "'Modern Woman'"
JAMA 1972: p. 1173, as Modern Women
Boyle 1974a: pp. 111--12, as "mural for the Women's Building"
Snyder-Ott 1974: p. 17, as "a large mural by Mary Cassatt"
Boorstin 1975: p. 147, ill., as Modern Woman
Chicago 1975: p. 150, as "a large mural"
Hale, N. 1975: p. 105, as Gathering Fruit; pp. 159--66, as "murals for . . . the Woman's Building"; p. 189, as "the Chicago murals"; p. 307, as "Mystery Mural"
Wattenmaker 1975: p. 186, ill., as Modern Woman
Burg 1976: pp. 164, 166--67, as The Modern Woman
Yeh 1976: p. 359, as Modern Woman
Breeskin 1979: p. 17, as "mural for . . . the Women's Building"
Dinnerstein 1979: pp. xxi, 8n6, 207, 340--41, 386n44; n.p., #149, ill., as Modern Woman
Roudebush 1979: p. 69, as "'Modern Woman'"
Webster 1979: pp. 40--41, ill., as Mural Painting for Woman's Building
Gerdts 1980: pp. 48, 49, as Modern Woman
Getlein 1980: pp. 7, 106, as "mural for the Women's Building"; p. 98, as "mural . . . for the Woman's Building"; p. 102, as "Columbian Exposition mural"
Hedges and Wendt 1980: p. 53, ill., as Young Women Plucking the Fruits of Knowledge and Science
Love 1980: pp. 93--99, as "tympanum panels"; p. 103, as Modern Woman
Pollock 1980: pp. 6, 27, 29, 65, 108--9, as Modern Woman
Pissarro 1981: p. 259, as "Miss Cassatt's decoration"
Teilman 1981: p. 99, as "Modern Woman"
Pohl 1982: pp. 301, 303--05; p. 302, ill., as Modern Woman
Rubinstein 1982: pp. 135, 139, 153, 154, as Modern Woman
Fink 1983: p. 93, as "murals for the World's Columbian Exposition"
Huntington et al 1983: p. 51, as "mural . . . for the Woman's Building"; p. 94, as Modern Woman
Smart 1983: p. 22, as Modern Woman
Troyen 1983: p. 317, as Modern Woman
Weinberg 1983: p. 31, as Modern Woman
Gerdts 1984: pp. 43, 141, as Modern Woman
Glueck 1984: p. C28, as "'modern women'"
Mathews 1984: pp. 7, 158n2, as Modern Woman; p. 205, as "mural"; pp. 208--09, 210--11, as Modern Woman and "mural"; p. 229n2, as "mural"; p. 230ns1--4, as "mural" and "decoration"; p. 234n2, as "mural"; p. 236, ill., as Modern Woman; p. 237, ill. in situ in photograph of Woman's Building; pp. 239ns1,2, 241n1, 345, as "mural"; letters: see Commentary below for list
Seldin 1984: n.p., as "'Modern Woman'"
Spassky 1984: p. 22, as Modern Woman
Adams 1985: p. 198, as "mural for the Woman's Pavilion"
Armand Hammer 1985: p. 141, as Modern Woman
Lindsay 1985: pp. 34, 71, 72, 74, as "mural"
Slatkin 1985: p. 109, as The Modern Woman
Spassky 1985: p. 631, as Modern Women
Breeskin 1986: p. 41, as "a mural"
Nochlin 1986: p. 9, as Allegory of Modern Woman
Banta 1987: pp. 535, 760n50, as "painting for the Woman's Building"
Gregory and Lyon 1987: p. 48, as "'Modern Woman'"
Mathews 1987: pp. 69, 82; p. 84, ill., as Modern Woman
Stuckey and Scott 1987: pp. 155, 185n300, as "mural"
Mathews and Shapiro 1989: pp. 43, 48--49, 157; p. 157, ill., as Modern Woman
Van Buren 1989: p. 148, as "mural done for the women's building"
Chadwick 1990: p. 233, as Modern Woman
Dillon 1990: pp. 199--201, as "commission for the Woman's Building"
Fink 1990: pp. 303--04n32, as "murals"
Gerdts 1990: p. 28, "as mural"
Higonnet 1990: pp. 207, 213, as "mural for the . . . Women's Pavilion"
Nochlin 1990: p. 102n6, as "mural of Modern Woman"
Effeny 1991: pp. 32--34; p. 33, ill.; pp. 94, 116, as "Chicago mural"; pp. 110, 118, as Modern Woman
Harrison, J. 1991: p. 150, as Modern Woman
MCarthy 1991: pp. 102--03, as Modern Woman
Wiser 1991: p. 18, as "mural triptych for the Women's Pavillion"
Gerdts 1992: p. 182, as Modern Woman
Higonnet 1992: pp. 13, 183, as "Modern Woman mural"
Mathews 1992: n.p., fig. 3, ill., as Modern Woman
Strazdes 1992: p. 130, as Modern Woman
Chessman 1993: pp. 255, 336n9, 336--37n12, 339n43, as "mural for the Women's Building"
Havemeyer, L. 1993: p. 344n447, as "great decoration for . . . Chicago"; p. 344n448, as Modern Women
Pollock 1993: pp. 217--20, as Modern Woman
Rydell 1993: p. 155, ill.; p. 156, as Modern Woman
Sund 1993: pp. 458--65; pp. 458, 462, ill., as Modern Woman
Carr and Webster 1994: pp. 52, 54, ill., as Modern Woman
Mathews 1994: pp. 202--17; p. 205, ill., as Modern Woman; pp. 218, 230, as "mural"
Constantino 1995: p. 8, as Modern Woman
Gruitrooy 1996: pp. 67--68, 70, as Modern Woman
Mathews 1996a: p. 31; p. 32, ill.; p. 34, as Modern Women (detail)
Simon 1996: pp. 12--18; p. 14, ill., as Modern Woman
Van Hook 1996: p. 115; p. 116, ill.; pp. 158, 190, as Modern Woman (detail)
Hills 1997: pp. 40, 42, 44, as Modern Women
Davis 1998: p. 485; p. 493, ill., as Modern Woman
Pollock 1998: p. 8, as "her one mural"; p. 11, 35--67 passim; pp. 40--41, ill., as Modern Woman; p. 50, ill. in situ in photograph of the Woman's Building; p. 53, ill. of detail of central panel; p. 97, as Modern Woman; p. 140, as "mural of 1893"; pp. 182, 186, 195, 205, as Modern Woman
Shapiro 1998: p. 67, as "'Modern Woman'"
Robinson, J. 1999: p. 30, as Modern Woman
Shaw-Eagle 1999: p. D2, as Modern Woman
Cartwright 2000: pp. 41--45, as Modern Woman
Mathews 2000: p. 306, as "'Modern Woman' mural"
Nord 2000: p. 99; p. 101, ill., as Modern Woman
Shapiro 2000: p. 16, as Modern Woman
Ricci 2002: pp, 221--22, 223--24, as Modern Woman
Hamani 2003: p. 43, as "Modern Woman"
Ivinski 2004a: pp. 25--26, 32n4, as Modern Woman
Ivinski 2004b: p. 221, as Modern Woman
Ivinski 2004c: pp. 149--50, as Modern Woman
Morelon 2004: p. 98, as "'Femme moderne'"
Webster 2004: Wilmerding 2004
Broude 2005: pp. 259--61; pp. 260--61, ill., as Modern Woman; p. 272, as "Woman's Building mural"
Burns 2005: p. 80, ill. (detail); pp. 81, 92n18, as Modern Woman
Harrison, J. 2005: p. 122, as Modern Woman
Mazow 2005: p. 22, as Modern Woman
Meyers 2005: pp. 276--77, as Modern Woman
Adler 2006: p. 27, as Modern Woman
Riopelle 2006: p. 216, as "major murals"
Terra and Louvre 2006: p. 128, as "mural"

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keywords:
 woman
 girl
 group
 picking
 fruit
 tree
 outdoors
 foliage
 dog
 animal
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