15 (Breeskin 25)
Copy after Frans Hals
Alternate title(s): Copy after Frans Hals, Sergeants of the St. Hadrian Civic Guard; Copy after Franz Hals; Copy after Hals; Copy of Frans Hals; Copy of Painting by Franz Hals; Group Portrait of Regimental Officers; Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Coelen [sic]; Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Doelen; Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Doelen, 1633
1873
Oil on canvas
18 1/4 x 28 1/2 in. (46.35 x 72.39 cm)
Unsigned
Private collection

provenance / ownership history
Eugenia Cassatt (Mrs. Charles P.) Davis; later Mrs. Percy C. Madeira
private collection

exhibition history
1941--42 Baltimore Museum: #1, as Copy after Franz Hals, lent by Eugenia Cassatt Davis
1954 Chicago AIC: #1, as Copy of Painting by Frans Hals, lent by Mrs. Percy C. Madeira Jr., Berwyn, Pa.
1960 Phila Museum: no #, as Copy of Frans Hals
1966b Knoedler NY: #1, ill., as Group Portrait of Regimental Officers, lent by Mrs. Percy C. Madeira
1970 National Gallery DC: #3, ill., as Copy after Frans Hals, lent by Mrs. Percy C. Madeira

published references
Art Digest 1941: p. 8, as Copy after Franz Hals
Breeskin 1948: p. 10, as "one of her copies after Hals"
Sweet 1966: pp. 27, 195, as "his 'Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Doelen'"
Pickvance 1973: p. 746, as "25"
Hale, N. 1975: p. 53, as "copy of Frans Hals's Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Doelen, 1633"
Breeskin 1979: p. 12, as "One of her copies after Franz Hals's Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Doelen"
Roudebush 1979: p. 8; p. 9, ill., as Copy after Frans Hals
Love 1980: p. 12, as Copy after Hals
Teilman 1981: p. 87, as "sketch after . . . Frans Hals"
Spassky 1984: p. 6, as Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Doelen
Spassky 1985: p. 630, as Meeting of the Officers of the Cluveniers-Coelen [sic]
Jowell 1989: p. 84n114, as "Cassatt's copy"
Wiser 1991: p. 43, as "rendition of Frans Hals"

commentary

Cassatt visited the Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem, the Netherlands, during a trip to the Low Countries in the spring of 1873, and while there she copied Hals's Sergeants of the St. Hadrian Civic Guard, 1632–33.[1] Instead of attempting a literal copy, she merely blocked in the composition in order to establish the play of light versus dark, using a brushstroke that resembles Manet's flattening facture.

Cassatt kept this work in her private collection. In the 1920s, when the Philadelphia painter Anna Warren Ingersoll (1887–1981) visited the elderly artist in Paris, Ingersoll was shown this copy in support of Cassatt's argument that artists benefit most from studying the old masters rather than modern painters such as Cézanne.[2]

PAI

[1] Unfortunately, Cassatt did not sign the visitors' register, according to Petra ten-Doesschate Chu, The Documented Image: Visions in Art History, eds. Gabriel P. Weisberg and Laurinda S. Dixon (Syracuse, N.Y.: Syracuse University, 1987), p. 123. Chu reports that Cassatt was one of the first Americans to visit the Frans Hals Museum, which opened in 1862.

[2] Frederick A. Sweet, Miss Mary Cassatt: Impressionist from Pennsylvania (Norman: University of Oklahoma, 1966), p. 195.

Frans Hals, Sergeants of the St. Hadrian Civic Guard, 1632–33, oil on canvas, 81.5 x 132.7 in. (207 x 337 cm), Frans Hals Museum, Haarlem, the Netherlands.

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