461 (Breeskin 378)
Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy
Alternate title(s): Bess with Dog; Fillette au chien; Fillette au chien griffon; Sara souriant, portant un chapeau (Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy); Smiling Sarah in a Hat Trimmed in a Pansy (Bess with Dog); Smiling Sarah in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy (Bess with Dog); Young Girl with a Griffon Dog; Young Girl with Griffon; Young Girl with Griffon Dog
c. 1906--07
Oil on canvas
26 1/2 x 22 1/2 in. (67.31 x 57.15 cm)
Inscribed lower left: Mary Cassatt
Scripps College, Claremont, CA, Gift of the General and Mrs. Edward Clinton Young, 1946

provenance / ownership history
Durand-Ruel, Paris, c. 1906--07 (Paris stock #8371, Paris photo #5752)
to Arabella (Mrs. Collis P.) Huntington, later Mrs. Henry Huntington, San Marino, California, by 1908
Augustus Pollock, Carmel Valley, California
to Otto Fukushima & Co., New York, 1928
to M. Knoedler & Co., New York, March 8, 1928 (stock #A 99)
to Durand-Ruel, New York, January 1930
General and Mrs. Edward Clinton Young, by 1935
to the Ruth Chandler Williamson Gallery, Scripps College, Claremont, California, 1946

exhibition history
1908 Durand-Ruel Paris: #5, as Fillette au chien griffon, lent by Mme C[ollis] P. H[untington]
1930b Durand-Ruel NY: #1, as Fillette au chien
1935a Durand-Ruel NY: #7, as Young Girl with Griffon Dog, lent by General E. C. Young
1950 LA County Fair: no #, ill., as Bess with Dog, lent by Scripps College
1951 Pasadena: #11, as Bess with Dog, lent by Scripps College
1953 LA County Fair: #19, ill., as Bess with Dog, lent by Scripps College
1980 Univ Washington: no #, ill., as Smiling Sarah in a Hat Trimmed in a Pansy (Bess with Dog)
1981 San Jose: #36, ill., as Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed in a Pansy (Bess with Dog), lent by Scripps College
1984--87 Tucson Museum: no #, ill., as Smiling Sarah in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy (Bess with Dog)
1995 Isetan Japan: #50, ill., as Sara souriant, portant un chapeau (Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy), lent by Scripps College

published references
La Voyageuse 1908: p. 33, as Young Girl with Griffon
Bignou 1930: p. 17, as Fillette au chien
Art News 1935a: p. 11, as Young Girl with Griffon Dog
Jewell 1935: p. 19, as Young Girl With a Griffon Dog
Millier 1946a: p. B1, ill., as Bess with Dog
Millier 1946b: p. B4, as "child and dog picture"
Gerdts 1980: p. 129; p. 134, ill.; p. 134, as Smiling Sarah in a Hat Trimmed in a Pansy (Bess with Dog)
Robinson, S. 1984: p. 24, as Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy

commentary

Details about the early life of Arabella Huntington (d. 1924) remain somewhat obscure. Born Arabella Yarrington in the early 1850s, she appears to have been widowed once before marrying Collis P. Huntington (1821–1900) in 1884, which brought her to public prominence. Huntington's involvement in the Southern Pacific and Central Pacific Railroads earned him a fortune, and he left Arabella an inheritance of 22 million dollars in 1900. While settling her late husband's estate, Arabella grew close to his nephew Henry E. Huntington (1850–1927) and married him in 1913. Henry had worked with his uncle in the railroad business before expanding into land development and utilities. In 1919, Henry founded the Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens to house his vast book collection as well as art treasures including Thomas Gainsborough's The Blue Boy. Arabella amassed her own art collection while working actively for numerous philanthropic and cultural organizations, including Tuskegee University in Alabama and Harvard Medical School in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Arabella Huntington is known to have owned three works by Mary Cassatt: the painting Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy and two pastels, Françoise Holding a Little Dog and Looking to Left and Françoise in a Very Big Hat, Trimmed with Ribbon Flowers. The pastels were purchased by the Huntington Library from an auction of works from Arabella's estate held in 1926. It is not known, however, when Smiling Sara in a Hat Trimmed with a Pansy left Arabella's collection or estate or to whom it was given or sold.

Augustus Pollock was an art appraiser in Carmel Valley, California.

Tokyo-born Otto Fukushima (d. 1952) moved to the United States in 1889, beginning his career as an importer and dealer of Asian paintings, porcelain, and jade. He owned several galleries in New York over the course of his career.

General Edward Clinton Young, an 1887 graduate of West Point and a veteran of World War I, created an art collection with his wife from 1922 to 1933. They donated the collection to Scripps College, Claremont, California, in 1946.

PAI

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 dog
 looking left
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