73 (Breeskin 55)
Portrait of the Artist
Alternate title(s): A Study; A Study for a Portrait of a Lady; Jeune femme assise; Portrait; Portrait de l'artiste; Portrait of Self in White; Portrait, The Artist; Portrait of the Artist (Self-portrait); Self Portrait; Self-portrait; Selfportrait; Self-portrait of Mary Cassatt; Self Portrait of Mary Cassatt; Self-portrait of the Artist; Study; ?Study of a Woman
c. 1878--79
Gouache
23 5/8 x 16 3/16 in. (60.01 x 41.12 cm)
Inscribed lower left: Mary Cassatt, in blue over another blue signature
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City: Bequest of Edith H. Proskauer, 1975.319.1 (unconfirmed)

provenance / ownership history
Louisine Elder (Mrs. Henry O.) Havemeyer, probably in 1879
to Havemeyer estate sale, American Art Association, April 10, 1930, Anderson Galleries, #74, ill., as Self-portrait
to Edouard Jonas, New York and Paris
to Richman Proskauer, Larchmont, New York, by 1932
to Edith H. and Richman Proskauer
to Edith H. Proskauer
by bequest to the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, 1975

exhibition history
1880 National Academy NY: #628, as A Study, lent by Mrs. A. S. W. Elder
1892 Soc American Artists NY: #39N, as Portrait, lent by H. O. Havemeyer, Esq.
1895 Durand-Ruel NY: #35, as Jeune femme assise, lent by a private collection
1927 Penn Museum: #23, as Portrait of the Artist
1928 Carnegie Institute: #28, as Self Portrait
1934 Chicago AIC: #439, as Self Portrait, lent by Proskauer
1937 Brooklyn Museum: #19, as Self Portrait, lent by Richman Proskauer
1947 Wildenstein NY: #3, ill., as Portrait of the Artist, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Richman Proskauer
1954 Chicago AIC: #4, ill., as Self-portrait, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Richman Proskauer, N.Y.
1966--67 Met Museum NY: #94, as Portrait of the Artist, lent by Mr. and Mrs. Richman Proskauer
1970 National Gallery DC: #10, ill., as Portrait of the Artist, lent by Mrs. Richman Proskauer
1980 Met Museum NY: no #, as Portrait of the Artist
1984 Coe Kerr NY: #3, ill., as Portrait of the Artist, lent by the Metropolitan Museum of Art
1993 Met Museum NY: no #, as Self-portrait

published references
American Art Review 1880: p. 211, as "study of a lady in white"
Benjamin, S 1880a: p. 92, as A Study for a Portrait of a Lady
NY Daily Tribune 1880: p. 5, as Study
NY Herald 1880: p. 8, as "a young, handsome and well dressed American lady"
NY Times 1880: p. 2, as Study
Van Rensselaer 1880: p. 81, as "a portrait study by Miss Cassatt"
Magazine of Art 1892b: p. VI, as "three portraits"
Art News 1927b: p. 2, as Portrait of the Artist
Watson 1927: p. 290, ill., as Portrait of the Artist
Pittsburgh Index 1928: p. 12, as Self-portrait
Art News 1930b: p. 30, ill., as Self Portrait
Art News 1930c: pp. 20, 21, as Self-portrait
Chronique des arts 1930: p. 18, as Portrait de l'artiste
Met Museum NY 1931: p. 508, as Portrait of the Artist
NY Times 1931: p. 18, as Portrait of Self in White, mistakenly described as a pastel
Watson 1932: p. 23, ill., as Portrait of the Artist
Bulliet 1934: pl. 29, ill., as Self-portrait
Chicago AIC 1934: p. 42, as Self-portrait
Brinton 1939: n.p., ill., as Self Portrait of Mary Cassatt
Life 1942: p. 54, ill., as "self-portrait"
Hess 1947: p. 19, ill., as "self-portrait"
Reed 1947: p. 16, as "self-portrait"
Breeskin 1948: pp. 13, 83; suppl. VIII, ill., as Self-portrait
Monro and Monro 1948: p. 126, as Self-portrait
Art Digest 1954: p. 24, as Self-portrait
Life 1954: p. 92, ill., as "Cassatt"
Richardson 1954: p. 21, ill., as Self-portrait
Sweet 1954: p. 3, ill., p. 5, as Self-portrait
Life 1956: p. 162, ill., as "Mary Cassatt"
Hood 1957: p. 8, ill., as Self-portrait
Sweet 1958: p. 207, ill., as Self-portrait
Monro and Monro 1964: p. 91, as Self-portrait
Carson 1966: p. 31; p. 94, ill., as Self Portrait
Newman 1966: p. 42, ill., as Self-portrait
Sweet 1966: pl. 7, ill.; p. 39, as Self-portrait
Conpoy 1970: p. 21, ill., as Portrait of the Artist
Secrest 1970: p. K1, as "self-portrait"
Breeskin 1974: pp. 280--82, as "self-portrait"
Hale, N. 1975: pp. 59--60, 94, as "self-portrait"; pp. 95--96, as "picture lent by . . . Miss Elder's mother"
Withers 1976: p. 335, ill., as Self-portrait
Giese 1978: p. 45, as "self-portrait"
Love 1980: p. 24, as "self-portrait"
Stevens 1980: p. 27, ill., as "self-portrait"
Teilman 1981: p. 90, as "self-portrait"
Broude 1982: p. 262; p. 263, ill., as Self-portrait
Mathews 1984: p. 2, ill., as Self-portrait
Seldin 1984: n.p., fig. 3, ill., as Portrait of the Artist
Spassky 1984: p. 7, pl. 1, ill.; p. 9, as Portrait of the Artist
Lindsay 1985: pp. 94, 95n24, as Portrait of the Artist or Self-portrait of the Artist
Weitzenhoffer 1986: #3, color ill.; pp. 22, 26, 41, as Self-portrait
Dillon 1990: pp. 83--84; following p. 84, ill., as Portrait of the Artist (Self-portrait)
Gerdts 1990: p. 10, ill., as Self-portrait
MCarthy 1991: p, 82, ill., as Portrait of the Artist
Higonnet 1992: pp. 133--34; p. 133, ill., as Self-portrait
Havemeyer, L. 1993: pp. 275, 341n411, as Self-portrait
Stein 1993: p. 203, ill., as Self-portrait
Wold 1993: p. 298; p. 299, ill., as Self-portrait
Mathews 1994: p. 93; p. 94, ill.; pp. 124--25, 167, as Portrait of the Artist
Constantino 1995: p. 26, ill., as Self-portrait
Gruitrooy 1996: p. 4; p. 5, ill. (detail); p. 20, ill., as Self-portrait
Mathews 2000: p. 294; p. 295, ill., as Portrait of the Artist
Wagner 2002: p. 51n3, as Portrait of the Artist
Broude 2005: p. 263, as "more formal self-portrait"; p. 264, ill., as Self-portrait
Meyers 2005: n.p., ill.; p. 280, as Portrait of the Artist

commentary

In her memoirs, Cassatt's friend Louisine Elder (Mrs. Henry O.) Havemeyer (1855–1929) stated that she bought this picture in Paris before her marriage, which occurred in 1883.[1] Havemeyer likely purchased the work before the end of 1879, for she sent it to the United States in time for its inclusion in an exhibition that opened on February 2, 1880, held by the American Water Color Society in New York. A critic for the American Art Review described the work as "Miss Cassatt's study of a lady in white, on a sage-green background."[2] The picture was listed as being lent to the exhibition by Mrs. M. A. W. Elder, Mrs. Havemeyer's mother.

Dealer and collector Edouard Jonas (1883–1961), who purchased the painting from Havemeyer's estate sale in 1930, served as the first director of the Musée Conacq-Jay in Paris.

PAI

[1] Louisine W. Havemeyer, Sixteen to Sixty, 2nd edition (New York: Ursus, 1993), p. 275.

[2] "American Water-color Society, New York: Thirteenth Annual Exhibition," American Art Review [1880], p. 211.

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keywords:
 portrait
 sitting
 stripes
 armchair
 white
 dress
 hat
 flower
 looking right
 woman
 bow
 red
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