658 (Breeskin 597)
Mother and Son on a Chaise Longue, Daughter Leaning over Them
Alternate title(s): Family Group; Jeune mère, fillette, et bébé; Jeune mère, fillette, et fils; La jeune mère, fillette, et fils; Mère, bébé, et petite fille; Mother and Son on a Chaise Lounge, Daughter Leaning over Them; Mother and Two Children; Mother, Daughter, and Son; ?Mother with Two Children; Mother, Young Daughter, and Son; Young Mother, Daughter, and Baby; Young Mother, Daughter, and Son
c. 1913
Pastel on paper
43 1/4 x 33 1/4 in. (109.86 x 84.46 cm)
Inscribed lower right: Mary Cassatt
Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester: Marion Stratton Gould Fund

provenance / ownership history
From the artist
to Durand-Ruel, Paris, November 5, 1913 (Paris stock #10435, Paris photo #7760)
to Louisine (Mrs. Henry O.) Havemeyer, New York, May 28, 1914
to Havemeyer estate sale, American Art Association, New York, April 10, 1930, #86, ill., as Jeune mère, fillette, et fils
to Albert Kahn, Detroit
to Ernestine (Mrs. Albert) Kahn, Detroit
to Wildenstein & Co., New York, by 1946
to [Albert K.?] Schneider, New York, January 1952
Walter P. Chrysler Jr., New York
Acquavella Galleries, New York
to Caesar R. Diorio, New York, 1959
to the Memorial Art Gallery of the University of Rochester, New York, March 1959

exhibition history
1914 Durand-Ruel Paris: #17, as Jeune mère, fillette, et bébé
1915 Knoedler NY: #56, as Family Group
1926b Durand-Ruel NY: #1, as Mère, bébé, et petite fille, lent by Mrs. H. O. Havemeyer
1947 Wildenstein NY: #21, ill., as Mother and Two Children, lent by Wildenstein & Co.
1951 Pasadena: #2, as Mother and Two Children, lent by Wildenstein and Company
1974--75 Albright Buffalo: no #, as Young Mother, Daughter, and Son, lent by Memorial Art Gallery, University of Rochester
1977a Wildenstein NY: no #, ill., as La jeune mère, fillette, et fils

published references
Art News 1926k: p. 1, as Mère, bébé, et petite fille
Art News 1926l: p. 2, as Mère, bébé, et petite fille
Cary 1926b: p. X13, as Mère, bébé, et petite fille
NY Times 1926d: p. RPA6, as Jeune mère, fillette, et bébé
Art News 1930b: p. 30, ill., as Jeune mère, fillette, et fils
Art News 1930c: p. 21, as Jeune mère, fillette, et fils
Met Museum NY 1931: p. 508, as Family Group
NY Times 1931: p. 18, if this is the work listed as "Mother with Two Children . . . $4,000"
Pictures on Exhibit 1947: p. 13, ill., as Mother and Two Children
Leeper 1951: p. 8, ill., as Mother and Two Children
Chronique des arts 1961: p. 50, ill., as Jeune mère, fillette et fils
Memorial Art Gallery 1961: p. 108, ill., as Jeune mère, fillette, et fils
Bullard 1972: p. 84; p. 85, color pl. 32, ill., as Mother, Young Daughter, and Son
Yaegashi and Kashiwa 1978: p. 63; p. 64, ill.
Getlein 1980: p. 154, ill., as Mother, Young Daughter, and Son
Love 1980: pl. 16, ill.; p. 153, as Young Mother, Daughter, and Son
Mathews 1984: p. 312, ill., as Mother and Son on a Chaise Lounge, Daughter Leaning over Them; letter: MC to Louisine Havemeyer, December 4 [1913], p. 311, as one of "seven pastels to town"
Van Buren 1989: p. 202n105, as Mother, Daughter and Son
Dillon 1990: p. 109, as Mother, Young Daughter, and Son
Rabinow 1993: p. 93, ill.; p. 94n27, as Family Group; p. 95, as "#56"
Stein 1993: p. 266, as Young Mother, Daughter, and Baby
Wold 1993: p. 301, ill., as Young Mother, Daughter, and Baby
Sayre 1994: p. 194, ill., as Young Mother, Daughter, and Son
Ivinski 1997: p. 2, ill., in situ; p. 8, ill.; pp. 9, 10--11, 12, 13, as Young Mother, Daughter, and Son

commentary

Mother and Son on a Chaise Longue, Daughter Leaning over Them is one of the seven pastels Cassatt mentioned in a letter to Louisine Havemeyer on December 4, 1913, "I brought seven pastels to town [to Galeries Durand-Ruel, Paris], four were large; a nude boy and his Mother. They were in many respects the best I have done, more freely handled & more brilliant in color. I kept one only."[1]

German-born Albert Kahn (1869–1942) moved to Detroit, Michigan, in 1880, and in 1884 he took a job as apprentice to an architect. In 1895, he opened his own architectural practice and eventually he became known as "the man who built Detroit" because he designed so many of that city's industrial buildings, especially for General Motors and Ford Motor Co. In the early 1930s his firm helped to build hundreds of factories in the Soviet Union as well.

In January 1952, Wildenstein & Co. sold Mother and Son on a Chaise Longue, Daughter Leaning over Them to a New York dealer, A. Schneider. This is possibly Albert K. Schneider, who had been a partner in Schneider-Gabriel Galleries, New York, for a decade before opening his own gallery around 1947. Schneider died in June 1952.

Walter P. Chrysler Jr. (1909–1988) was inspired to collect art by his father, automobile designer and Chrysler Corporation founder Walter P. Chrysler Sr. The younger Chrysler founded the Air-Temp division of the Chrysler Corporation and became president of the Chrysler Building in New York. After the sale of the building in 1956, he retired from business and turned mainly to the arts. He opened the Chrysler Art Museum in Provincetown, Massachusetts, in 1958. When the museum required more space, Chrysler moved it to Norfolk, Virginia, where it has remained since 1971.

Caesar R. Diorio was an art dealer and restorer in New York City.

PAI

[1] MC to Louisine Havemeyer, Villa Angeletto, Grasse, France, December 4, 1913, Cassatt and Her Circle: Selected Letters, ed. Nancy Mowll Mathews (New York: Abbeville Press, 1984), p. 311. Six of these works were purchased by Durand-Ruel on November 5, 1913: Mother and Son on a Chaise Longue, Daughter Leaning over Them, Young Girl with Long Brown Hair in a Rose-red Dress, The Crochet Lesson, Nude Baby in Mother's Lap Resting Her Right Arm on the Back of a Chair, Dark-haired Baby Smiling Up at Her Mother, and Half-length Figure of a Nude Young Woman. Cassatt kept one picture, Mother in a Striped Head Scarf Embraced by Her Baby, which she sold to Louisine Havemeyer in 1915.

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keywords:
 mother
 son
 child
 boy
 girl
 daughter
 sitting
 chair
 nude
 baby
 family
 group
 woman
 white
 chemise
 orange
 brunette
 dressing gown
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