77 (Breeskin 78)
Five O'clock Tea
Alternate title(s): A Cup of Tea; Afternoon Tea; Cup of Tea; Five O'clock; La tasse de thé; Le thé; Tea; Tea (Le thé); Thé; The Tea (Le thé)
c. 1879--80
Oil on canvas
25 1/2 x 36 1/2 in. (64.77 x 92.71 cm)
Inscribed lower left: Mary Cassatt
Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, M. Theresa B. Hopkins Fund, 42.178

provenance / ownership history
Henri Rouart, Paris, by 1893
to Rouart estate sale, Galerie Manzi-Joyant, Paris, December 9--11, 1912, #91, ill., as Le thé
to Dikran Kelekian, Paris and New York
to the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, 1942

exhibition history
1880 Impressionist Exh: #21, as Le thé
1893 Durand-Ruel Paris: #5, as Five O'clock, lent by Mr. Henri Rouart
1908 Durand-Ruel Paris: #7, as Le thé, lent by M. H[enri] R[ouart]
1913 Mod Art Boston: no #
1914 Grosvenor London: #1, ill., as La tasse de thé, lent by Kelekian
1920 Bernheim-Jeune Paris: #7, as Le thé, lent by Henri Rouart
1925 Arts Décoratifs Paris: #10, as Le thé, lent by Dikran Kelekian
1938 Anderson NY: #7, as A Cup of Tea
1941--42 Baltimore Museum: #6, ill., as A Cup of Tea, lent by Dikran Kelekian
1947 Wellesley MA: no #, as Cup of Tea
1947 Wildenstein NY: #4, ill., as A Cup of Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts Boston
1948 Milwaukee: #4, as A Cup of Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts Boston
1954 Chicago AIC: #9, as A Cup of Tea
1959 Four Arts FL: #40, ill., as A Cup of Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
1962 Baltimore Museum: #102, ill., as A Cup of Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
1966b Knoedler NY: #8, ill., as A Cup of Tea
1970 National Gallery DC: #19, ill., as Five O'clock Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
1974--75 Whitney NY: #127, ill., as A Cup of Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
1978 MFA Boston: #9, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
1980 Univ Washington: no #, ill., as A Cup of Tea
1998--99 Chicago AIC: #27, ill., as Tea (Le thé), lent by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston (Chicago, Boston, Washington)
2001--02 Phillips DC: no #, ill., as Tea
2006--07 National Gallery London: #38, ill., as The Tea, lent by the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston

published references
Baignères 1880: p. 266 in Berson, as Le thé
de Montagnac 1880: p. 302 in Berson, as Le thé
Ephrussi 1880: p. 278 in Berson, as Le thé
Flor 1880: p. 280 in Berson, as "trois [sic] femmes prenant le thé"
Mantz 1880: p. 297 in Berson, as "deux honnêtes dames prenant du thé"
Trianon 1880: p. 313 in Berson, as Le thé
Véron 1880: p. 318 in Berson, as Le thé
Mantz 1881: p. 357 in Berson, as Thé
Huysmans 1883a: p. 290 in Berson, as "deux dames qui prenent le thé"
Bouyer 1908: p. 279, as Thé
Alexandre, A. 1912a: p.39; between 42--43, ill., as Le thé
Alexandre, A. 1912c: p. 128, as Thé
American Art News 1912b: p. 7, as Tea
Gazette Drouot 1912a: n.p., as Le thé
Gazette Drouot 1912b: n.p., as Le thé
Gazette Drouot 1912d: n.p., as Le thé
NY Times 1912c: p. 3, as Tea
Segard 1913: following p. 12, ill., as Le thé
Studio 1914: p. 6, ill., as La tasse de thè
Blanche 1920: n.p., #1, ill., as La tasse de thé
Cortissoz 1923: p. 187, as "at the Rouart sale"
Edouard-Joseph 1930: p. 250, as Le thé
Venturi 1939: p. 125, as "MM. Rouart: 2 tableaux"
Wilenski 1940: p. 44, as Le thé
Art Digest 1942: p. 7, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Art News 1942: p. 18, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Parker 1942: p. 63, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Breuning 1944: p. 17, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Reed 1947: p. 16, as A Cup of Tea
Breeskin 1948: pp. 21, 60, as A Cup of Tea
Monro and Monro 1948: p. 125, as Cup of Tea or Le thé
Edgell 1949: p. 71, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Bazin 1951: p. 162, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Time 1954: pp. 56--57, ill.; p. 59, as A Cup of Tea
Eliot 1957: p. 124, ill.; p. 126, as A Cup of Tea
Johnson, L. 1962: p. 16, as Cup of Tea
Monro and Monro 1964: p. 91, as A Cup of Tea
Arts 1966a: p. 60., ill., as A Cup of Tea
Carson 1966: p. 40, ill.; p. 41, as A Cup of Tea
Sweet 1966: color pl. 3, ill.; p. 55, as A Cup of Tea
Time 1966: p. 78, as A Cup of Tea
Boston MFA 1969: p. 46; p. 301, fig. 476, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Bullard 1972: p. 34; p. 35, color pl. 7, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Boston MFA 1973: n.p., #29, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Lowe, D. 1973: pp. 97--98, as A Cup of Tea
Boyle 1974a: p. 109; p. 110, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Hale, N. 1975: pp. 100--01, as "two women taking tea"; p. 151, as Afternoon Tea; p. 166, as The Cup of Tea
Young 1977a: p. 56, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Antiques 1978: p. 216, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Russell 1978: p. 98, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Shapiro 1978: cover, ill.; pp. 5, 6, as Five O'clock Tea
Taylor, R. 1978: n.p., as Afternoon Tea
Yaegashi and Kashiwa 1978: p. 13; p. 14, ill.
Breeskin 1979: p. 18, as Five O'clock Tea
Roudebush 1979: p. 25, ill.; p. 33, as A Cup of Tea
Gerdts 1980: p. 44, ill.; pp. 47, 129, as A Cup of Tea
Getlein 1980: p. 28, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Love 1980: pp. 45-46; pl. 4; pp. vii, 36-37, 38, as Five O'clock Tea or A Cup of Tea
Pollock 1980: pp. 9, 23; p. 42, ill.; pp. 67, 68, 83, as Five O'clock Tea
Mathews 1981: p. 57, as A Cup of Tea
Rubinstein 1982: p. 134, as A Cup of Tea
Gerdts 1984: p. 38; p. 39, ill., as The Cup of Tea
Seldin 1984: n.p., as The Cup of Tea
Garb 1986: p. 36; p. 37, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Moffett 1986: p. 302; p. 305, ill.; p. 311, as Le thé (Five O'clock Tea)
Gregory and Lyon 1987: pp. 54--55, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Mathews 1987: p. 46, ill.; p. 47, as Five O'clock Tea
Herbert 1988: p. 47, ill.; p. 53, as Cup of Tea
Pollock 1988: p. 56; p. 57, ill.; p. 63, as Five O'clock Tea
Vogel, L. 1988: p. 49, as Five O'clock Tea
Chadwick 1990: p. 218; p. 220, ill., as A Cup of Tea
Dillon 1990: pp. 41, 77, as "two women with a silver tea set"
Higonnet 1990: p. 158, as Five O'clock Tea
Effeny 1991: p. 12, ill.; pp. 15, 96, as Five O'clock Tea
Adams and Stenz 1992: pp. 24, 26, as Le thé
Lipton 1992: pp. 40, 177n, as Five O'clock Tea
Mathews 1994: p. 150; p. 151, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Constantino 1995: p. 9; pp. 36--37, ill., as Five O'clock Tea
Smith, P. 1995: p. 64; p. 64, ill.; p. 68, as Five O'clock Tea
Distel 1997: p. 347, as Five O'clock Tea
Pollock 1998: pp. 125--26, as Five O'clock Tea; p. 129, as one of "[figs.] 108--34" [margin note]; p. 130, ill., as Five O'clock Tea; p. 140, as "Lydia . . . taking tea"; p. 150, ill.; p. 160, as Five O'clock Tea
Shapiro 1998: pp. 30, 32, 34, 77, as Tea
Webster 2004: p. 28, as Tea
Broude 2005: p. 270, ill., as The Tea
Meyers 2005: p. 257, as Tea
Hirshler 2006: p. 80, as "cat. 38"; p. 83, ill., as The Tea
Thomas, G. 2006: pp. 32, 45, as Five O'clock Tea
Shapiro 2008: p. 96; p. 97, ill., as The Tea (Le thé)

commentary

Henri Rouart (1833–1912) was an engineer, art collector, amateur artist, and close friend of Edgar Degas's. Like Cassatt, Rouart exhibited with the Impressionists, but his works were generally ignored by critics. The New York Times reported that Five O'clock Tea sold for $2,340 (11,700 francs) at Rouart's estate sale in 1912.[1]

PAI

[1] "Picture by Degas Sold for $87,000," New York Times, December 11, 1912, p. 3.

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keywords:
 tea
 cup
 afternoon
 woman
 drinking
 interior
 stripes
 sitting
 sofa
 table
 looking right
 wallcovering
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